Historic Firestone Building Now a One-Stop Shop for County Services
Summit County in northeastern Ohio has found a new home in one of its oldest buildings. In its heyday, the historic Firestone shipping and warehouse facility, or “Triangle Building,” in Akron serviced one of the largest tire manufacturers in the world. Philadelphia-based private real estate and development company Amerimar Realty Company renovated and repurposed the Triangle Building with the help of federal and state historic tax credits (HTCs), making the historic building a one-stop shop for Summit County services.
“It’s one of the coolest county government spaces anywhere,” said James Loveman, director of Amerimar Realty Company. “Some Web-design firms in Brooklyn would die to have this space.”
Jason Dodson, Summit County’s executive chief of staff, agrees. “I think it has been one of the best decisions of Summit County government in the last 20 years,” said Dodson. “The relocation is contributing to the revitalization of the entire neighborhood, while saving millions of taxpayer dollars through improving operational efficiencies and avoiding the cost of renovating the old buildings that we vacated.”
Before moving into the Firestone Building, Summit County occupied four separate locations downtown that served up to 8,000 clients per month, but had no public parking. The lack of accessibility prompted the county to evaluate other potential locations for its services. Summit County issued a request for proposal and eventually decided on the Firestone site, a place where it can offer services from multiple departments under one roof.
Image: Courtesy of Amerimar Realty Company
The historic Firestone shipping and warehouse facility in Akron, Ohio, was renovated into office space for Summit County services.
Firestone built the four-story shipping and warehouse facility in 1926 to service its adjacent 1 million-square-foot tire manufacturing plant. The massive depot was large enough to have freight trains drive through it. When Firestone merged with Bridgestone in 1992, it moved its headquarters from Akron to Nashville. As a result, the Triangle Building was relegated as a parking garage for the company’s few employees who remained in Akron.
Amerimar decided to purchase and renovate the Triangle Building with the goal of landing Summit County as its long-term tenant. First, several major updates were needed to make the building suitable for office use.
Elizabeth Murphy, principal of Akron-based consulting firm Chambers, Murphy & Burge Restoration Architects, was hired to oversee the protection of the building’s historic features. Murphy said it was a delicate balance between preserving the historic character of the building and adapting it for use as office space. “Things had to be carefully considered so that they didn’t disrupt the industrial nature of the building and make it look like a shopping mall,” said Murphy. “We needed to stay within the dignity and character of the industrial building, while making it welcoming to people.”
The warehouse layout lent itself well to an office conversion. “Except for the large concrete columns, it’s a pretty flexible building,” said Matthew Sutter, CEO of SōL Harris/Day Architecture. “There are no bearing walls holding anything up, so you can do a lot of different things with the floor plan that don’t affect the structure.”
Private offices are grouped toward the center of the building, while desks and cubicles line the windows to take advantage of the ample daylight through the large industrial windows. The structural strength of the building was also a good fit for the county’s needs. “Built as a factory, the floors can take a lot of weight,” said Sutter. “Filing and storage on upper floors is not an issue at all.” Updates include new mechanical systems, electrical systems, a modern HVAC system and elevators.
Image: Courtesy of Shooting Star Architectural Photography
The historic Firestone building in Akron, Ohio, is now home to Summit County services.
Many of the building’s historic features were preserved. A tall entry bay that was once the opening for train cars was repurposed into a loading dock. The historic stairs, hand rails, concrete floors, columns and brickwork were also saved. A historic parapet that had been covered in metal was restored to expose the original stone edging. A series of smaller garage doors along the south side of the building was beyond saving, so windows were installed to look like garage doors.
Murphy said parts of the brick structure had deteriorated to the point that, if renovation had not begun immediately, the structure would have failed. The development team tried eight different brick mock-up types to use in the repair, but couldn’t find an exact replica. Luckily, they didn’t have to recreate the bricks after all. In a field about a half-mile from the property, a superintendent discovered a pile of historic bricks that matched the ones used in the Firestone factory.
Another challenge was finding 500 modern windows that closely replicated the aesthetics of the original steel factory windows. The solution was to use aluminum windows that were energy- and cost-effective, but still preserved the appearance of the original windows. “Getting the windows right was critical for the historic tax credits,” said Loveman.
The combination of federal and state HTCs was instrumental in making the redevelopment feasible. “Tax credits are an absolutely critical component, especially because the local office market doesn’t support the cost of renovations,” said Loveman.
In order to qualify for the state HTC, Amerimar worked with the city to have the Firestone campus locally registered as a historic district. Amerimar then submitted the county’s letter of intent to lease and the lender’s financing term sheet. Only then did the Ohio State Historic Preservation Office award the property $5 million in state HTCs and $4 million in federal HTCs. Amerimar kept the credits for its own use.
Geoff Wehling, co-head of William Blair’s real estate group, helped facilitate the renovation financing and permanent debt, as well as negotiate the lease with the county. “I think it’s a win-win,” said Wehling. “In terms of the building itself, [the county] consolidated agencies into one universal location, and they were able to reduce the rent paid at those facilities. They’re saving millions of dollars over the next 20 years and getting a brand new facility.”
After the success of restoring the Triangle Building and bringing it into modern use, Loveman hopes to renovate the main factory building next door also using tax credits. “We’re moving with the times and bringing new uses to these old buildings,” said Loveman. “I envision a mix of office space, parking and some elements of retail to turn it into an economic hub.”
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